TRUTH ABOUT SUN FACTS

SunCare : THE FACTS

When the Sun is out… the fair-skinned of the world might be tempted to take this as an open invitation to slap on some cheap sunscreen, jump onto a lounge chair and bake for 12 hours, hopefully, without getting burned.                                                                                            

But here’s a few honest Solarsport Sun tips & basic health rules to consider:

Cheap ‘economy’ product  Versus  Premium Brand?

It's like the old adage, “you get what you pay for”!  Fact: Basic Sunscreen ingredients are inherently expensive. So, many manufacturers bulk out their product container’s content with cheaper simple creams & moisturisers.

This way, a huge 200ml ‘Family / Economy’ bottle seems excellent value. The wiser purchase is in selecting a product that has a higher natural sunscreen content. This obviously demands a premium cost –but what cost your Skin protection and the value you place upon your body and your family’s sun safety.

Solarsport invisible contains NO ADDED moisturisers, so you are getting pure sunscreen, with only the alcohol propellant (which evaporates upon being expelled from the Cannister) added to the formulation.

tiny-lee-spraying-on-head.jpgtiny-lee-with-can.jpg

As with most professional outdoor people, Superstar Golfer LEE WESTWOOD prefers a trusted premium brand: Solarsport!

Exactly what IS an SPF, What do the Numbers mean, and how high to go?

We all use sunscreen to block ultraviolet light from damaging human skin. 

*If you didn't know, this also applies to our pets/animals!                                                                                                                                       

There are two categories of UV light -- UVA and UVB -- that we consider in terms of sunscreen. 

UVB causes sunburn & UVA has more long-term damaging effects on the skin, like premature aging. SPF, or sun protection factor, numbers were introduced in 1962 to measure a sunscreen's effect against UVB rays.                                                                                                                                             

Solarsport takes the view that the term SPF is often misunderstood so we also use our own termed standardisation with the wording VITAL, this is directed mainly at our KIDSAFE Range

It’s expensive but necessary to determine a sunscreen's SPF, so a recognised laboratory tests up to 20 sun-sensitive people and measures the amount of UV rays it takes them to burn without sunscreen. Then they redo the test with sunscreen applied. The "with sunscreen" number is divided by the "without sunscreen" number, and the result is rounded down to the nearest five. This is the SPF of the product used.

SPF numbers can start at 2 and progress up to 50.

As a general guide to figure out how long you can stay in the Sun with a given SPF, use this equation:

Minutes to burn without sunscreen x SPF number = maximum sun exposure time

For example and be honest, if you burn after 10 minutes of sun exposure, an SPF of 15 can allow you to be in the sun for up to 150 minutes without burning. But before you grab your calculator and head for the beach, you should know that this equation is not always accurate. People usually use far less sunscreen than the amount used in testing. In the real world, the average sun worshipper uses half the amount of sunscreen used in the laboratory tests, which could result in sunburn in half the time.If you have fair skin i.e. you burn easily and tan slowly, have red hair, blonde hair, blue eyes then if you are going out for more than four hours on a    mid summer's day in Northern Europe or are in a sunnier part of the world e.g. Florida, Caribbean, Mauritius, Maldives, New Zealand or Australia then you should apply a sunscreen that is specifically tested to be an SPF 30 with UVA protection.  Preferably It should be water resistant or waterproof.  If you are swimming, exercising, perspiring and wiping/towelling your skin, you need to reapply sunscreen after each of these. higher the sunscreen SPF Number, the better, right?

 The higher the sunscreen SPF Number, the better, right?

Well, before you throw caution to the wind, you should know a few things about SPF ratings and how Solarsport can benefit its users

Solarsport (invisible) spf 15 sunscreen will protect most skins against 93% of the burning rays of the sun providing it is applied sufficiently and correctly.

Its invisible when applied and dries instantly, its non slippy & non greasy so is ideal UV protection for Bare scalps and thinning hair/partings as it offers protection without making hair greasy!

If you have olive skin or darker skin then an SPF 15 with UVA protection is more than sufficient for you to apply wherever you are in the world.

Solarsport (invisible) spf 30 offers the same unique benefits as 15, but with an enhanced UVA & UVB protection for extended outdoor activity with an approx skin protection of 97%.

Solarsport VITAL: spf30 is an ultramist creme in a pump-action cannister that provides the same degree of suncare and protection as the 'invisible' range but is ideal for users who prefer a creme, have Sensitive skin or wish to apply to childrens skin.

Solarsport VITAL: ONCE-A-DAY spf40 is perfect for those users who want a high degree of long-lasting, ultrafine creme protection, but in fairness, this should be reapplied when required, as NO sunscreen is an absolute Bullet-Proof shield.

Solarsport VITAL: spf50 provides maximum 98% protection for almost ALL skin types and ages and is the preferred choice for many users who DO want to develop a healthy glowing tan, but DO NOT want to burn (which defeats the object of acquiring the Tan - as the skin peels & flakes!)

FACT: Sunscreens higher than a 50 are of doubtful value, as the degree of protection does not increase exponentially and an SPF 50 can only deliver up to on average 98% maximum protection.

However, It may not be necessary to use Sun Protection Factors higher than 15 for daily use; 

An SPF 15 protects against 93% of sunlight reaching the skin.

An SPF 30 protects against 97% of sunlight reaching the skin, i.e. only 4% more than an SPF 15

An SPF 50 protects against 98% of sunlight reaching the skin!

**It must be stressed that this applies to correct product application.

To achieve a 100% protection (I e a Sun Block) is almost impossible and is often unrealistically advertised. Therefore, at this moment in time, an SPF 50 is considered the peak of sun care science.

Yes, Some manufacturers do claim SPF’s of 60, 70 even 90!…but this is mostly sales patter and a slightly dishonest method of securing sales by scaremongering!

A very high SPF can make it very difficult for a manufacturer to protect adequately against UVA (the ageing rays) as the SPF refers only to UVB protection

So, what factor should I choose?

The SPF you need depends on your skin type.  *See Box Guide below:                                                    Most of us can manage with an SPF 15, and it doesn't make much of a difference if you go for higher factor numbers. Exceptions are adults who tend to get eczema and children. In these cases, an SPF 25 or higher is recommended. It is a good idea to use a stick applicator with a higher SPF for particularly exposed areas of the body such as the nose, lips and ear lobes.The sunscreen should also have at least 3 UVA stars.

Even the highest SPF broad spectrum sunscreen cannot fully protect against UVA and UVB rays.

This is why people should cover up and stay in the shade at the hottest times of the day (11am-3pm).

The current trend in sunscreen products is for higher and higher SPFs. Most products have SPF ratings of 15 to 25, though in the USA, for example, products with SPF ratings of over 50 may also be available. Australia recently set an realistic upper limit of SPF 30, and in fact, values above 50 bring scarcely any additional benefit, due to the dictum that an SPF of 30 provides about 97 percent of the rays (that cause erythema ) are filtered out.

Sunscreen Myth 1: 

Adding  another layer on top of an existing layer of sunscreen doubles the sun protection factor. 

TRUTH: This does not happen - two layers of an SPF 15 sunscreen remains an SPF 15 and does not become an SPF 30.

Sunscreen Myth 2:

 Water resistant and waterproof sunscreens do not have to be reapplied

TRUTH: If you are swimming, showering and then wiping/towelling your skin dry, waterproof or water resistant sunscreens will resist removal more than other sunscreens but still need reapplication to maintain their optimum SPF value.

Sunscreen Myth 3:

Sunscreen should not be used on very young children

TRUTH:This is true for young children under the age of six months, as these young children can get very good sun protection with sun protective prams, hoods, sun protective clothes, blankets and umbrellas, i.e. keep your little one in the shade where possible. From the age of six months onwards babies can be protected with sunscreens in addition to the above protective measures.

Solarsport KIDSAFE sunscreens are specially formulated for Sensitive skins, children and Junior skins.

Waterproof or water-repellent?

If you like to go for a swim to cool down, it is advisable to apply sun lotion that is either water-repellent or waterproof or make sure you reapply your Solarsport sunscreen after swimming or perspiring

  • A waterproof sunscreen withstands 4 x 20 minutes of swimming without being washed off.
  • A water-repellent sunscreen withstands 2 x 20 minutes without being washed off.

These figures only apply if you let yourself air-dry and don't use a towel.

A good tip here is to avoid going into direct sunlight when your shadow is shorter than you are.

Can I use sun lotion left over from last year?

Not with absolute safety. Sunscreens have a shelf-life of more than two and a half years. This means manufacturers are not obliged by law to quote an expiry date. However, both heat and bacteria can damage sunscreens, so you should replace your lotion each year. Solarsport Invisible 15 & 30 are in a fully sealed aluminium cannister and the contents are unreachable until pump-sprayed out, so this offers additional safeguards, but, If your sunscreen smells off or separates, it has been deminished in some way and for safety’s sake, should be thrown out.

Best bet is to keep all sun lotions in a shady and cool place when not in use.

Best tips for application?

Apply lotion liberally and often: many people use only a third of the amount of screen they need to achieve the SPF on the bottle. This means they are far less protected than they think.

*An adult should apply a quantity of sunscreen, equivalent to 30 to 40g. This equals about two tablespoons.

*A child needs about 20g to cover the whole body.

Generally Sun lotion takes time to work, although Solarsport Invisible 15 & 30 is mostly comprised of sunscreen and starts to activate Protection as soon as applied.

Ideally you should apply Solarsport KIDSAFE cream half an hour before going out into the sun.

Children using Solarsport Kidsafe should also be covered with light clothing, while babies under 12 months should not stay in the sun at all.

What’s my Skin Type? 

Skin type

Sunburn, tanning

Description of type

I

Burn easily
Never tan

Pale skin
Blue eyes
Freckles

II

Burn easily
Scarcely tan

Fair-skinned
Red or blond hair
Blue, light-brown, or brown eyes

III

Don't burn easily
Tan gradually and evenly

Skin of average fairness

IV

Don't burn much
Always tan well

Beige-coloured or light-brown skin
Dark-brown hair
Dark eyes
Mediterranean, Asian, or Hispanic

V

Rarely burn
Tan deeply

Skin brown
Native American, Indian, Hispanic

VI

Don't burn
Deeply pigmented (black)

Black-skinned
African, Australian Aborigine

 

More Sunburn & Sun Protection facts… 

There is a popular oversimplification of how SPF determines how long one can stay in the sun. For example, many users believe that, if they normally get sunburn in one hour, then an SPF 15 sunscreen allows them to stay in the sun fifteen hours (i.e. fifteen times longer) without getting sunburn. This would be true if the intensity of UV radiation were the same for the whole fifteen hours as in the one hour, but this is not normally the case. Intensity of solar radiation varies considerably with time of day. During early morning and late afternoon, the sun's radiation intensity is diminished since it must pass through more of the Earth's atmosphere while it is near the horizon.

In practice, the protection from a particular sunscreen depends, besides on SPF, on factors such as:

** The skin type of the user

** The amount applied and frequency of re-application

** Activities in which one engages (for example, swimming leads to a loss of sunscreen from the skin).

Product labelling concerning Sunscreens

Owing to consumer confusion over the real degree and duration of protection offered, labeling restrictions are in force in most recognised countries. In the EU for instance, sunscreen labels can only go up to SPF 50+ (attempting to indicate an SPF of 60 or higher) while Australia’s upper limit is 30+.

In the 2007 and 2011 draft rules, the USA Food & Drug Administration (FDA) proposed a maximum SPF label of 50, to limit Manufacturers unrealistic claims.

Other Countries have restricted the active ingredients to an SPF of no more than 50, due to lack of evidence that higher dosages provide more meaningful protection (especially due to the logarithmic nature of the scale) It is dependent upon:

*Amount of sunscreen the skin has absorbed.

For those choosing to tan, some dermatologists also recommend the following preventative measures:

  • Sunscreens should block both UVA and UVB rays. These are called broad-spectrum sunscreens, which can be hypoallergenic and noncomedogenic so they do not cause a rash or clog the pores, which can cause acne.
  • Sunscreens need to be applied to the skin thickly enough to get the full SPF protection.
  • Generally Sunscreens should be applied 15 to 30 minutes before exposure, followed by one reapplication 15 to 30 minutes after the sun exposure begins. Further reapplication is necessary only after activities such as swimming, sweating, and rubbing.
  • Sun rays are strongest between 10 am and 4 pm. Sun rays are stronger at higher elevations (mountains) and latitudes near the equator.
  • Wearing a hat with a brim and anti-UV sunglasses can provide almost 100% protection against ultraviolet radiation's entering the eyes.
  • Reflective surfaces like snow and water can greatly increase the amount of UV radiation to which the skin is exposed.

Contrary to the common advice that sunscreen should be reapplied every 2–3 hours, some research has shown that the best protection is achieved by application 15–30 minutes before exposure, followed by one reapplication 15–30 minutes after the sun exposure begins. Further reapplication is only necessary after activities such as swimming, sweating, or rubbing/wiping.

More recent research at the University of California indicates that sunscreen must be reapplied within 2 hours in order to remain effective.

Not reapplying could even cause more cell damage than not using sunscreen at all, due to the release of extra free radicals from those sunscreen chemicals that were absorbed into the skin.

Some studies have shown that people commonly apply only 1/2 to 1/4 of the amount recommended to achieve the rated sun protection factor (SPF), and in consequence the effective SPF should be downgraded to a square or 4th root of the advertised value.

People are unlikely to receive these maximum ambient exposures simply because it would be unrealistic to lie in the unshaded sun all day without moving.

An extreme sunbather might spend half the time supine and half the time prone, resulting in a maximum exposure on much of the body surface of 50% of ambient.

For upright people engaging in various outdoor pursuits and activities—such as gardening, walking, or sport—the exposure relative to ambient on commonly exposed sites—for example, chest, shoulder, face, forearms, and lower legs—ranges from about 20% to 60%.

So someone who is on vacation in southern Europe would receive a daily exposure of no more than 20 standard erythema doses over much of the body surface.

As an exposure of 2-3 doses is necessary for a minimal erythema in the most common British skin types (II/III), a photoprotective device (sunscreen or clothing) need possess only a sun protection factor of 15 or more to give a holiday without sunburn.

For tropical sun exposure, a protection factor of 15-30 or higher should be more than adequate for all day exposure.

Experience has led consumers to realise that if they want to spend several hours in the sun and avoid sunburn, they need to use products labelled with factors of 20, 30, or higher.

The point is that if people applied sunscreens uniformly and appropriately there would probably be no need for sun protection factors higher than a 15 rating.